Attention: open in a new window. PrintEmail

Fresson - Monochrome

(1899-today) A proprietary direct carbon process, invented by Théodore-Henri Fresson in France, around 1899, after some seven years of research. It is owned by his descendants in France and by ourselves in Canada. We acquired it through lengthy negotiations with the industrialist José Ortiz Echagüe in 1979, shortly before his death.

The process belongs to the dichromated colloid group, in which a mixture of a colloid, pigment and dichromate compound creates a light-sensitive emulsion. After exposure under a negative, the non-exposed parts of the emulsion are relatively soluble and can be removed with a slight abrasive. This is usually done by pouring a mixture of sawdust and water over the print until the desired density is achieved.

The process provides extraordinary control as development occurs in bright light, typically under a 200 Watt flood light, and can take anywhere from three to 30 minutes. The process offers a wide range of effects, by varying the type of pigment, support or developing procedure, etc.

Fresson was very popular among pictorialists, who could buy the paper in a variety of colors. The paper was imported and sold in America for a period of time before WW II. C. Puyo in France, was one of the early pictorialists who used the Fresson process. Frank Horvat, Bernard Plossu, Lucien Clergue, Sheila Metzner and Sarah Moon are contemporary photographers who have had some of their work printed using this process. The best known exponent of the Fresson process, however, is the late José Ortiz Echagüe, whose fabulous work can be seen in major museums, including that of the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain, England, the Photographic Society of America, in Philadelphia, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

The highly coveted Fresson process has attracted considerable attention, as it can provide superb permanent result in monochrome or color, and is the last early proprietary photographic process of importance still jealously guarded by a handful of people, namely the descendants of the inventor, in France and ourselves in Canada, even though we have not had time to exploit it commercially in recent years. If we keep this process we intend to print and publish one or two portfolios a year.

The first print displayed here, about 25 x 30 cm, was originally taken on 35 mm infrared film, hence the grain in the image. The negative was enlarged to final size and contact printed on Fresson paper coated with an opaque lampblack.  The second print is  “Aquadoras Andaluzas.” by the late José Ortiz Echagüe, 42 x 30 cm.

Many companies and individuals have tried to imitate the Fresson paper for the past 100 years. They all failed in their attempts but their efforts are documented in our book Gum Dichromate and Other Direct Carbon Processes, from Artigue to Zimmerman. (Nadeau, Encyclopedia, p. xxx).

fressoncathedral3786e Fresson monochrome Print © Luis Nadeau. 200 x 300 mm

José Ortiz Echagüe, “Aquadoras Andaluzas.” Fresson, prior to 1955. 420 x 300 mm José Ortiz Echagüe, “Aquadoras Andaluzas.” Fresson, prior to 1955. 420 x 300 mm

Read the Feature Article: The Fresson Process

cheap man viagra
cheap viagra without a prescription
buy prescription viagra without
cialis coupons
buy line viagra
buy real viagra pharmacy online
cheap prescription viagra without
cheapest uk supplier viagra
buy viagra usa
cheap mexico viagra
cheap india viagra
cheap discount cialis
buy viagra pharmacy online
buy viagra per pill
viagra and cialis cheap
buy viagra and cilas
buy later now pay viagra
generic viagra from india
levitra 100mg uk
buy viagra pill online
buy kamagra viagra
discount viagra
Viagra for sale
how can i buy viagra online in canada
buy levitra now
ed pro trial pack
buy now viagra
buy cheap viagra online uk
buy viagra online a href
buy kamagra viagra india
cheap viagra in uk
buy cialis from india
buy viagra montreal
buy in online uk viagra
cialis vs viagra
viagra rrp australia
buy viagra online in australia
cheap price viagra
cheap discount levitra online
buy discount cialis
viagra uk cheap purchase buy
buy viagra online in uk
q buy viagra online
cheap generic viagra
where can I buy cialis 20mg
buy viagra online
cheap drug viagra
buy online online pill viagra viagra
cheap generic india viagra
buy viagra online order
buy internet viagra
buy discount viagra viagra viagra
buy locally viagra
cheap kamagra uk viagra
cheap free viagra
buy no online prescription viagra
cheap viagra fast shipping
viagra over the counter walgreens
cheap viagra in the uk
buy cheap viagra online
cheap viagra online canada
buy now cialis
buy cialis no prescription
buy viagra cialis
generic vs brand name viagra
online overnight viagra
buying viagra in uk
purchase levitra
buy prescription viagra
buy lexapro
cheap prescription viagra
buy viagra using paypal
cheap discount viagra viagra
buy viagra online without prescription
buy viagra onli
buy sildenafil viagra
buy cheap viagra
buy online online viagra viagra
buy viagra online
viagra generic
cheap viagra viagra
cheap levitra online
cheap generic online viagra
buy online order viagra
buy in spain viagra
buy viagra online in the uk
buy viagra cheapest best prices online
key buy-viagra
cialis super active review
ed. trusted medstore in cialis
cheap pharmaceutical viagra
viagra oral
buy generic viagra viagra
guaranteed cheapest viagra
viagra and cialis
buy cheap cialis
cheap cialis online
cheap cialis overnight
buy real viagra
viagra online uk
buy viagra online discount
viagra professional
viagra coupons and discounts
viagra and hearing loss
ebay + cialis
walmart cialis price
buy viagra online u
cialis overnight shipping
buy site viagra
cheap generic viagra from usa
price of viagra
buy generic viagra img
buy low price viagra
buy in uk viagra
cialis voucher
buy online drug viagra pharmacy
lowest price viagra
buy viagra 50mg
viagrafree samples
buy now levitra
buy real viagra online pharmacy
buying viagra online
buy viagra online australia
buy generic viagra online pharmacy online
alternative to viagra
ordering cialias
buy viagra internet
cheap pill viagra
uk viagra sales
cheap viagra canada
buy viagra online at
cheap genric viagra online
generic viagra
cialis no prescription
buy viagra online canadapurchase cialis
viagra sample
cheap generic viagra overnight delivery
buying viagra
india viagra cialis vicodin
buy viagra online ireland
female viagra
shipping viagra to australia
cheap meltabs online viagra
buy now online viagra
free viagra in the uk
buy viagra online in
buy price viagra
buy viagra alternative
buy generic viagra online
cheap generic viagra no prescription
buy viagra pill
buy viagra online and get prescription
viagra without prescription
cheap generic viagra substitutes
Viagra Oklahoma city
buy cialis now
free viagra without prescription
buy cymbalta
buy viagra now
cheap generic viagra substitute
buy levitra viagra online
buy viagra cheaply
generic cialis
levitra online
buy duscount viagra online
buy viagra online online pharmacy
buy get online prescription viagra
buy viagra online web meds
free viagra
cheap viagra india
buy cheap tamiflu
purchase levitra online
cheap generic viagra online
buy in online usa viagra
buy viagra prescription
free viagra sample
cheap no prescription viagra
cheap soft tab viagra
buy viagra onlines
buy cheap viagra online
cheap generic viagra worcester imc
cheap pharmacy viagra
buy viagra online paypal vipps
where to buy viagra in beijing
viagra alternatives
buy female viagra
cheap site viagra
cheap free viagra viagra
buy line viagra where
canadian levitra vs usa levitra
cheap free price viagra
buy nexium
try viagra for free
amazon viagra
viagra dosage
buy viagra cialis levitra
buy viagra online paypal
cheap kamagra viagra
cialis replacement
cheap deal viagra
cheap viagra
viagra for sale
buy generic viagra
buy real viagra online
ordering viagra onl
buy discount soma
buy viagra prescription america
viagra free trial offer
cialis no perscription
buy viagra online now buy viagra
which is better cialis or viagra
buy generic viagra usa
buy viagra online no prescription
buy viagra over the counter us
uninsured cost of cialis
buy generic viagra pharmacy online
buy viagra overnight
does watermelon have viagra effect
cheap phizer viagra
viagra pfizer
cheap generic 50 mg viagra
viagra suppliers in the uk
is viagra safe for women
buy prescription vaniqa viagra
generic levitra
cost of viagra
cheap pill pill sale viagra
cheap generic overnight viagra
buy viagra online uk
buy generic viagra
buy viagra online alternative viagra
buy viagra on the internet
accutane for sale online
buy cialis canada
buy online levitra cialis viagra
buy internet viagra
buy viagra online au
viagra pro online
buy generic viagra buy
natural viagra
buy discount viagra
buy viagra pills
cheap discount viagra
cheap generic substitute viagra
cheap sale viagra
non prescription viagra
cheap meltabs viagra
cheap viagra generic
buy discounted viagra